On October 19, the Finnish Broadcasting Corporation (YLE) reported that NASA will cooperate with Finland’s NokiaBuild. In the frame of this cooperation, they will develop the first 4G communication network on the moon. According to the contract, NASA will allocate $14.1 million for the project, and Nokia will provide related equipment. Nokia said that communications are an important part of NASA’s Artemis program. It aims to create lasting network conditions for the moon by the end of this century.
The name “Artemis” is taken from the goddess of the moon in Greek mythology. It is a plan to return to the moon formulated by the United States. So it aims to send the first female astronaut and 1 male astronaut to the moon in 2024. And in 2028 establish a sustainable foothold on the moon, making it a “transit station” for mankind to land on Mars.
According to Nokia, the network meets all the needs of astronauts. So it can transmit audio and video, provide remote sensing and biometric data, and control robots. The network will be ready by the end of 2022.
According to a recent announcement issued by the US Space Agency, compared with the existing 4G standard, the 4G communication system developed in cooperation with Nokia will provide longer-distance and faster lunar communications with higher reliability. This system can support communication between the lunar lander, lunar rover, habitat and astronauts. Moreover it can facilitate astronauts to transmit data, remotely control the lunar rover, instant navigation, voice or video calls, etc.
Nokia Bell Labs stated on social media that after a special design, the 4G network they have developed can withstand the extreme temperature, radiation and vacuum conditions of space, as well as the huge shocks generated during launch and landing on the lunar surface.
Not only that, Nokia CTO Marcus Weldon pointed out that 4G networks are essential for the long-term existence of mankind on the lunar surface. Nokia also plans to build a 5G network on the moon.